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Installation

System Requirements

python 3.7+ is required to install pipx. pipx can run binaries from packages with Python 3.3+. Don't have Python 3.7 or later? See Python 3 Installation & Setup Guide.

You also need to have pip installed on your machine for python3. Installing it varies from system to system. Consult pip's installation instructions. Installing on Linux works best with a Linux Package Manager.

pipx works on macOS, linux, and Windows.

Installing pipx

On macOS:

brew install pipx
pipx ensurepath

On Linux:

  • Ubuntu 23.04 or above
sudo apt update
sudo apt install pipx
pipx ensurepath
  • Ubuntu 22.04 or below
python3 -m pip install --user pipx
python3 -m pipx ensurepath

On Windows:

scoop install pipx
pipx ensurepath
  • Install via pip (requires pip 19.0 or later)
# If you installed python using Microsoft Store, replace `py` with `python3` in the next line.
py -m pip install --user pipx

It is possible (even most likely) the above finishes with a WARNING looking similar to this:

WARNING: The script pipx.exe is installed in `<USER folder>\AppData\Roaming\Python\Python3x\Scripts` which is not on PATH

If so, go to the mentioned folder, allowing you to run the pipx executable directly. Enter the following line (even if you did not get the warning):

.\pipx.exe ensurepath

This will add both the above mentioned path and the %USERPROFILE%\.local\bin folder to your search path. Restart your terminal session and verify pipx does run.

Warning

It is not recommended to install pipx via pipx. If you'd like to do this anyway, take a look at the pipx-in-pipx project and read about the limitations there.

Using pipx without installing (via zipapp)

The zipapp can be downloaded from Github releases and you can invoke it with a Python 3.7+ interpreter:

python pipx.pyz ensurepath

Using pipx with pre-commit

Pipx has pre-commit support. This lets you run applications:

  • That can be run using pipx run but don't have native pre-commit support.
  • Using its prebuilt wheel from pypi.org instead of building it from source.
  • Using pipx's --spec and --index-url flags.

Example configuration for use of the code linter yapf. This is to be added to your .pre-commit-config.yaml.

- repo: https://github.com/pypa/pipx
  rev: 53e7f27
  hooks:
    - id: pipx
      alias: yapf
      name: yapf
      args: ["yapf", "-i"]
      types: ["python"]

Installation Options

The default binary location for pipx-installed apps is ~/.local/bin. This can be overridden with the environment variable PIPX_BIN_DIR. The default manual page location for pipx-installed apps is ~/.local/share/man. This can be overridden with the environment variable PIPX_MAN_DIR.

pipx's default virtual environment location is typically ~/.local/share/pipx on Linux/Unix, %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\pipx on Windows and ~/Library/Application Support/pipx on macOS, and for compatibility reasons, if ~/.local/pipx exists, it will be used as the default location instead. This can be overridden with the PIPX_HOME environment variable.

As an example, you can install global apps accessible by all users on your system with the following command (on MacOS, Linux, and Windows WSL):

sudo PIPX_HOME=/opt/pipx PIPX_BIN_DIR=/usr/local/bin PIPX_MAN_DIR=/usr/local/share/man pipx install PACKAGE
# Example: $ sudo PIPX_HOME=/opt/pipx PIPX_BIN_DIR=/usr/local/bin PIPX_MAN_DIR=/usr/local/share/man pipx install cowsay

Note

After version 1.2.0, the default pipx paths have been moved from ~/.local/pipx to specific user data directories on each platform using platformdirs library

Old Path New Path
~/.local/pipx/.trash platformdirs.user_data_dir()/pipx/trash
~/.local/pipx/shared platformdirs.user_data_dir()/pipx/shared
~/.local/pipx/venvs platformdirs.user_data_dir()/pipx/venv
~/.local/pipx/.cache platformdirs.user_cache_dir()/pipx
~/.local/pipx/logs platformdirs.user_log_dir()/pipx/log

user_data_dir(), user_cache_dir() and user_log_dir() resolve to appropriate platform-specific user data, cache and log directories. See the platformdirs documentation for details.

Upgrade pipx

On macOS:

brew update && brew upgrade pipx

On Linux:

sudo apt upgrade pipx

On Windows:

scoop update pipx

Otherwise, upgrade via pip:

python3 -m pip install --user -U pipx

Note: Upgrading pipx from a pre-0.15.0.0 version to 0.15.0.0 or later

After upgrading to pipx 0.15.0.0 or above from a pre-0.15.0.0 version, you must re-install all packages to take advantage of the new persistent pipx metadata files introduced in the 0.15.0.0 release. These metadata files store pip specification values, injected packages, any custom pip arguments, and more in each main package's venv.

If you have no packages installed using the --spec option, and no venvs with injected packages, you can do this by running pipx reinstall-all.

If you have any packages installed using the --spec option or venvs with injected packages, you should reinstall packages manually using pipx uninstall-all, followed by pipx install and possibly pipx inject.

Shell Completion

You can easily get your shell's tab completions working by following instructions printed with this command:

pipx completions

Install pipx Development Versions

New versions of pipx are published as beta or release candidates. These versions look something like 0.13.0b1, where b1 signifies the first beta release of version 0.13. These releases can be tested with

pip install --user --upgrade --pre pipx